This book presents an introduction to biomaterials with the focus on the current development and future direction of biomaterials and medical devices research and development in Indonesia. It is the first biomaterials book written by selected academic and clinical experts experts on biomaterials and medical devices from various institutions and industries in Indonesia. It serves as a reference source for researchers starting new projects, for companies developing and marketing products and for governments setting new policies.
The demand for clinical evidence has become an increasingly important issue in the development of medical devices. This demand is reflected not only in regulatory requirements but also by healthcare purchasers as healthcare reforms occur worldwide. Thirteen renowned experts have drawn on their practical experience in industry to provide you with this "recipe" book of how to plan, prepare, implement, and close out a medical device clinical investigation--regardless of where the trial site may be located. While many chapters reference the Medical Device Directive, the principles, philosophies, and methodologies explained are equally applicable to Active Implantable Medical Devices (AIMD) and In-vitro Diagnostic (IVD) products.
The MedTech ecosystem in India is emerging and the Indian medical devices industry is on the growth curve, estimated to be a 14 Billion USD industry by 2020. However, the ecosystem is poorly understood with its diverse healthcare systems, complex stakeholders and limited available data. It is important to understand the MedTech ecosystem in India well before developing new medical technologies that suit this environment. In this book, the author shares his experiences, anecdotes, insights and failures while inventing medical devices in India over the last five years. The idea is to give entrepreneurs (clinicians, engineers, designers, business professionals) a realistic expectation of the time, money, co-ordination and teamwork required to develop a new medical device in India. This book is specially recommended for Indian healthcare professionals who are passionate about solving unmet clinical challenges by inventing new medical devices, but are not sure of how to go about taking their idea from a concept stage to an actual product. Entrepreneurs from engineering, design and business backgrounds, will also find this book useful, as it illustrates ways to engage with doctors, and gives a comprehensive perspective of the path from ideation to commercialization. This book attempts to address all common queries a budding entrepreneur in India can have such as "Where to find clinical challenges worth solving?" "How to find them?" " How do I form a cross-disciplinary team?" "Where do I find these people?" "If I have a great idea, when and how can I sell it?" "How long does it take to make a new medical device in India?" " How can I raise money for this development?" "How can full time practicing doctors work with engineers to develop a new device?" "How can engineers engage doctors for clinical inputs and validation?" " How can an invention that is developed at an academic institute be successfully translated to market through a start up company?" "How and when can I start making money?". The list is endless and understandably so because the MedTech ecosystem in India is still evolving and growing from infancy to adulthood. This book also provides in great detail, real life examples of financial expenditures necessary for various stages of the device development process and some financial terms for licensing and investment deals.
Optical Polarization in Biomedical Applications introduces key developments in optical polarization methods for quantitative studies of tissues, while presenting the theory of polarization transfer in a random medium as a basis for the quantitative description of polarized light interaction with tissues. This theory uses the modified transfer equation for Stokes parameters and predicts the polarization structure of multiple scattered optical fields. The backscattering polarization matrices (Jones matrix and Mueller matrix) important for noninvasive medical diagnostic are introduced. The text also describes a number of diagnostic techniques such as CW polarization imaging and spectroscopy, polarization microscopy and cytometry. As a new tool for medical diagnosis, optical coherent polarization tomography is analyzed. The monograph also covers a range of biomedical applications, among them cataract and glaucoma diagnostics, glucose sensing, and the detection of bacteria.
Combining technology, device design and simulation, and applications, this book is the first to deal with the design and optimization of transistors made from strained layers. Topics include background theory of the HBT, device simulation that predicts the optimum HBT device structure for a particular application, compact SiGe-HBT models for RF applications and the SPICE parameter extraction, and the enhancement of the high-frequency performance of HFETs using MOSFET or MODFET structures. The book also covers the design and application of optoelectronic devices and assesses how SiGe technology competes with other alternative technologies in the RF wireless communications marketplace.
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics Articles
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics Books